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12 Powerful Mudras and Their Benefits

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Mudras are the position of our fingers such that it influences the energies and the mood of your body. Our physical body is made of 5 elements – Air, Water, Fire, Earth, and Aakash (the small intercellular spaces in the human body also known as Ether). When these elements are not in balance, our immunity system gets disrupted and hence causes diseases

Here I am sharing 12 powerful mudras

The Five Fingers for the Five Elements are

Thumb               Fire

Index                  Air

Middle               Aakash(Sky)

Ring                   Earth

Little                   Water

The Deficiencies or imbalance in any of these elements can be made up by these fingers in different positions. For example, a mental ailment can be recovered by joining the tip of the thumb and index finger (known as Chin Mudra). The mudras generate electromagnetic currents within the body which thus balances the various elements and restores health. Some of the common mudras are:

Chin Mudra

Chin Mudras
Chin Mudras

The Shoonya Mudra brings relief to diseases and pains relating to the ear such as earaches and ringing noises within.

Steps to do this Mudra: Bend the first finger such that its tip rests on the base of the thumb. Bend the thumb until it gently presses the middle finger. The rest of the fingers and the palm should face the sky. Hold this mudra for 45 minutes or 3 sessions of 15 minutes each.

Shoonya Mudra

 Shoonya Mudra s
Shoonya Mudras

The Shoonya Mudra brings relief to diseases and pains relating to the ear such as earaches and ringing noises within.

Steps to do this Mudra: Bend the middle finger such that its tip rests on the base of the thumb. Bend the thumb until it gently presses the middle finger. The rest of the fingers and the palm should face the sky. Hold this mudra for 45 minutes or 3 sessions of 15 minutes each.

Prana Mudra

prana mudra
prana mudra

The Prana Mudra helps to activate and energize our body. It creates a storage house of energy so that we can face our challenges of life.

Steps to do this Mudra: Join the tip of the ring and little fingers with the thumb. The other two fingers and the palm should face the sky.

Surya Mudra

Surya Mudra
Surya Mudra

The Surya Mudra helps to lose your body weight. Performing this mudra can increase in resolving digestive problems.

Steps to do this Mudra: Gently place the tip of the ring finger on the base of the thumb and bend the thumb finger towards the middle of the ring finger. Hold on to this Mudra for 30 minutes or 2 sessions of 15 minutes each.

Prithvi Mudra

 Prithvi Mudra
Prithvi Mudra

The Prithvi Mudra helps to increase the strength and endurance of our body, thus makes the body sturdy. It also prevents hair loss and weight loss.

Steps to do this Mudra:  Join the tip of the ring finger and the thumb. Hold on to this mudra for 30 to 45 minutes a day (may do it in 2 or 3 sessions).

7 Helpful Mudras For Pranayama

Pranayama is a breathing process and there are various benefits of pranayama, such as the benefits of Kapalbhati Pranayama and other breathing yoga and their benefits.

Earlier we have discussed on “What is a Mudra?” and 5 common types of Mudra. Here we shall see the Mudras for Pranayama.

Nasikagra or Nasagra-Mudra (Nose-Tip Mudra)

Nasagra-Mudra
Nasagra-Mudra

This mudra is used to control the flow of the breath in one or the other of the two nostrils. The right hand is used for this purpose.

When one does alternate nostril breathing in a kind of pranayama such as nadi-shodhana, the nasikagra-mudra only should be practiced.

In pranayamas in which the control of the nostrils is not necessary, the other mudras can be used, depending upon the necessity and suitability.

The Technique: Place the tip of the right thumb by the side (the soft part) of the right nostril and tips of the right little and ring fingers by the side of the left nostril. Only the tip of the right ring finger may be placed on the left nostril, with the right little finger remaining idle by the side.

Maintain the right index and middle fingers in an erect position so that their tips are close to the eyebrow center.

Both these fingers should be relaxed. The right nostril is closed by pressing the right thumb and opened by releasing the pressure. Similarly, the left nostril is closed by pressing the tips of the right little and ring fingers and opened by releasing the pressure.

Exert just enough pressure on the sides of the nostrils so that the nasal septum dividing the two nostrils is not distorted to one or the other side. Keep the right arm out of contact with the chest, the right elbow pointing downwards and the arms and shoulders relaxed.

Chin-Mudra (Psychic Gesture of Consciousness)

Chin Mudras
Chin Mudras

This mudra is practiced while sitting in any of the meditational asanas. Both the hands are used. The tips of the index finger and thumb of each hand touch each other.

The index finger and the thumb may make a circle, or they may form an acute angle. The hands are placed on the respective knees, with the palms facing upwards. The other three fingers should be straight, but relaxed. In a variation of the chin-mudra, the tip of the index finger is placed at the root of the thumb.

Chinmaya-Mudra (Psychic Gesture of Pervading Consciousness)

Chinmaya-Mudra
Chinmaya-Mudra

Fold the index finger to touch the tip of the thumb. Fold the other three fingers so that their tips touch the palm or point towards the palm. Place the hands on their respective knees with the palms facing either upwards or downwards.

Adi-Mudra (Primal Gesture)

Adi-Mudra
Adi-Mudra

Fold the thumb into the palm of each hand. Then make a fist of each hand by curling the fingers over the respective thumb. Place each hand on the respective knee with the palm facing either upwards or downwards.

Brahma-Mudra (Psychic Gesture of All-Pervading Consciousness)

Brahma-Mudra
Brahma-Mudra

Turn the thumb of each hand inwards across the palm. Fold the fingers over the respective thumb. Bring the knuckles (the knuckles adjoining the palms, the proximal phalanges) of the fingers to be juxtaposed and place the hands on the lap at the level of the pelvic bone, with the dorsal sides facing downwards and the clasped ventral sides facing upwards.

The little fingers should be close to the body and the inserted thumbs away from the body. Keep the fingernails visible by the contact of the finger tips with the rear parts of the palms rather than the middle depression.

Bhairava and Bhariavi-Mudra

Brahma-Mudra
Brahma-Mudra

For the Bhairava-mudra, place the right hand on the left, both palms facing upwards.

For the Bhairavi-Mudra, place the left hand on the right, both palms facing upwards.

Khechari or Nabho-Mudra (Tongue Lock)

The word khechari literally means ‘roaming through space’. Sit in any meditational asana. Roll the tongue back. In this rolling process, the lower surface of the tongue touches the upper palate. Close the mouth.

Without straining, try to bring the tongue tip backward and upwards as far as possible to touch the roof of the pharynx.

Perform this mudra as long as you feel comfortable. You may feel discomfort after a short time. In that case, relax the tongue for a few seconds and then repeat the mudra.

Precaution: Khechari-mudra should not be practiced in lying down position.